Discovering the Meaning of Allegory in Animal Farm

Discovering the Meaning of Allegory in Animal Farm

Animal Farm is a classic literary work that has captured the hearts of millions around the world. It’s a tale that tells the story of animals on a farm who overthrow their human owner and establish their own society. However, there’s much more to this story than meets the eye. Animal Farm is an allegory that symbolizes the events leading up to the Russian Revolution and the subsequent rise of Stalin’s regime.

In this article, we’ll delve deeper into the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm. We’ll explore the different characters in the story and the events they represent. We’ll also look at how George Orwell used animals to symbolize the political figures of his time.

If you’re a literature enthusiast, history buff, or just someone who’s interested in stories with hidden meanings, then this article is for you. Discovering the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm is a journey that will open your eyes to the world of literary symbolism and leave you pondering about the events of the past.

So, grab a cup of coffee, get comfortable, and let’s dive into the world of Animal Farm allegory. By the end of this article, you’ll have a new appreciation for George Orwell’s genius and the power of allegory in telling complex stories.

What Is Allegory In Animal Farm
“What Is Allegory In Animal Farm” ~ bbaz


Animal Farm is one of the most read books in the world, especially in high schools around the globe. Written by George Orwell, this novel tells the story of farm animals who overthrow their human owner and take over the farm. But beneath the surface level of the story, lies a powerful allegory with deep meaning. In this article, we will explore how to discover the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm.

What is an Allegory?

Before we dive into the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm, let’s define what an allegory means. Basically, an allegory is a story that has a hidden message or moral. This message or moral can be political, moral, social, etc. In other words, an allegory uses symbols and metaphorical characters to convey a deeper meaning. Friendly reminder, animal farm is an allegorical novel.

The Characters of Animal Farm

The characters in Animal Farm are an essential part of the allegory. Every character should not be taken literally, but rather interpreted as symbols for people or groups of people in real life. For example, Napoleon, who is a pig and one of the main characters, can be identified as a symbol of Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union during the totalitarian regime. On the other hand, Snowball, another pig, represents Leon Trotskey, Stalin’s adversary. Furthermore, Boxer, the horse, represents the working class, and Old Major, the inspiration behind the rebellion, is a symbol of Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Russian Revolution.

The Setting of Animal Farm

Once the reader has identified each character’s symbol, it’s easier to understand the setting of the book. Animal Farm takes place in a farm where animals rebel against their human owner, which represents the 1917 Russian Revolution. The farm animals’ desire for a better life, free from abuse and hunger, symbolizes the hope of the Russian people during the revolution for a better future.

The Farm’s Rules and Regulations

The pigs created a set of rules and regulations that every animal should follow in Animal Farm. These rules are allegories for the laws and principles established by communist politicians after the Russian Revolution. These laws aimed to create a socialist society where every individual had equal rights, but in reality, communist leaders governed the country like they were capitalists. In Animal Farm, the pigs break their own rules and impose their authority despite being equals with the other animals before.

The Events on Animal Farm

Every event in Animal Farm alludes to an event in real life. For instance, the dispute between Napoleon and Snowball over the construction of windmills represents the conflict between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotskey. Moreover, Boxer’s fate symbolizes how the working class was left out after the Russian Revolution. They worked hard to grow the country, but their efforts were unacknowledged, and they were treated poorly.

The Role of Propaganda

One of the essential aspects of totalitarian regimes is propaganda. Orwell uses Squealer, the pig responsible for spreading propaganda, to symbolize Soviet Union’s newspapers, which reported false or biased news to manipulate their citizens’ opinions. He shows how this rewrote history and changed the interpretation of events.

Power Corruption

Absolute power corrupts absolutely – it’s a saying we’re all familiar with. In Animal Farm, Orwell shows us how power can corrupt even the most well-intentioned person, through the character Napoleon. In the beginning, he encouraged revolution and believed in equality. But, once he gained power, he became a dictator that ruthlessly repressed anyone who opposed him.

The Final Conflict

The final conflict on Animal Farm shows how tyranny can never last long. The animals that rebelled against humans found themselves oppressed again by the pigs, the creatures that led the rebellion, illustrating Orwell’s belief that revolutions are doomed to become authoritarian.


In conclusion, Animal Farm is a powerful allegory that hides within its pages essential lessons about human morality, history, and politics. The story is more than a picturesque tale with talking animals. Every aspect of it gives insight into complex politics and societal issues that remain relevant today. Understanding Orwell’s message can inspire critical thinkers and avid readers to challenge authority, respect one another’s rights, and never forget our history’s lessons.

Discovering the Meaning of Allegory in Animal Farm

Thank you for taking the time to read our article about discovering the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm. We hope that we have shed some light on the importance of understanding the deeper meanings behind this classic novel.

As we discussed in our article, George Orwell’s use of allegory allows him to address important social and political issues in a way that is accessible and engaging to readers of all ages. The animals in Animal Farm represent different groups and individuals within society, and their struggles reflect larger societal issues such as class struggle, corruption, and the abuse of power.

By understanding the allegorical nature of Animal Farm, readers can gain a richer appreciation for the novel and the themes it addresses. We encourage you to explore this novel further and to continue seeking out literature that challenges your thinking and deepens your understanding of the world around us.

People also ask about discovering the meaning of allegory in Animal Farm:

  1. What is an allegory?
  2. An allegory is a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.

  3. What is the allegory in Animal Farm?
  4. The allegory in Animal Farm is the portrayal of the events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the early years of the Soviet Union. The animals represent various figures from the revolution, with Napoleon representing Joseph Stalin and Snowball representing Leon Trotsky.

  5. What is the purpose of using allegory in Animal Farm?
  6. The purpose of using allegory in Animal Farm is to criticize the corruption and abuse of power that occurred during the Russian Revolution and the early Soviet Union. It also serves as a warning against the dangers of totalitarianism and the importance of individual freedom and equality.

  7. How does Animal Farm use allegory to convey its message?
  8. Animal Farm uses allegory by portraying the events of the Russian Revolution and the Soviet Union through the lens of animal characters. By doing so, it allows readers to see the events in a new light and to draw comparisons between the fictional story and real-life events. Additionally, the use of animal characters makes the story more accessible to a wider audience, including children.

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