Discovering the Leading Character: Who Is the Animal Farm Protagonist?

Discovering the Leading Character: Who Is the Animal Farm Protagonist?

Animal Farm, a satirical novel by George Orwell, is one of the most famous pieces of literature in modern history. The story delves into the themes of power, corruption, and revolution through a farm setting, highlighting characters that represent various figures in Soviet history. But, who is the protagonist? Who leads this animal rebellion?

At first glance, it may seem like the leading character in Animal Farm is Snowball, the idealistic pig who initially takes charge of the rebellion. However, things take a drastic turn when Napoleon, another pig character, takes over and establishes a dictatorship. This leaves readers wondering who to root for and who really represents the values and ideals of the animal farm.

As the story progresses, it becomes clear that there may not be a clear-cut protagonist. Instead, the animals as a collective group represent the protagonist. We follow their journey from oppression under Farmer Jones to their rebellion and takeover of the farm. Their struggle for equality and justice against the oppressive ruling class is what drives the story forward.

If you’re a fan of political commentary and satire, Animal Farm is a must-read. Its exploration of power dynamics and revolution is as relevant today as it was when it was first published in 1945. So sit back, relax, and discover the true leading character in Animal Farm – the collective will of the animal rebellion.

Who Is The Protagonist In Animal Farm
“Who Is The Protagonist In Animal Farm” ~ bbaz


Animal Farm is a novel by George Orwell, published in 1945. It tells the story of a group of farm animals who rebel against their human farmer, hoping to create a society where the animals can be equal and free. The book is famous for its political allegory, mirroring the events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917, and the rise of Stalinism in the Soviet Union.

The Leading Character

What is a protagonist?

A protagonist is the main character in a story, around whom the plot revolves, and who faces a problem or conflict that drives the action forward. In Animal Farm, there are several major characters, but not all of them fit the definition of a protagonist. The question of who the true protagonist of Animal Farm is a matter of debate among readers and literary critics.

The Candidates

The leading candidates for the protagonist of Animal Farm are three pigs: Old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon. Each of these characters plays a significant role in the story and has a distinct personality and agenda. Let’s take a closer look at each of these characters and their contributions to the plot.

Old Major

The Visionary Leader

Old Major is the wise and respected elder pig who inspires the rebellion against Mr. Jones, the human owner of Animal Farm. He is the first to articulate the idea of animal freedom and equality, and he teaches the other animals the song Beasts of England, which becomes their anthem. Old Major dies before the revolution takes place, but his memory and teachings live on among the animals.

The Legacy of Old Major

Although Old Major does not live to see the results of the revolution, his influence is felt throughout the book. His ideals of animalism and his vision of a better society inspire the other animals to take action and pursue their dreams of freedom and self-empowerment. Old Major embodies the spirit of revolution and the hope for a brighter future.


The Idealist Educator

Snowball is a dynamic and enthusiastic pig who is instrumental in organizing the rebellion and establishing the structures of Animal Farm. He is a skilled orator and strategist, and he provides a model of leadership that emphasizes cooperation, equality, and education. Snowball is passionate about spreading his ideas and creating a better world for all the animals.

The Exile and Scapegoat

Despite his intelligence and hard work, Snowball is eventually chased out of Animal Farm by Napoleon, his rival and adversary. Napoleon accuses Snowball of being a traitor and sabotaging the farm, but many of the other animals believe that this is a false accusation and that Snowball was unfairly exiled. Snowball becomes a symbol of the dangers of dissent and the betrayal of idealism.


The Ambitious Autocrat

Napoleon is the pig who eventually assumes control of Animal Farm, becoming its de facto leader and dictator. He is a cunning and ruthless politician, who manipulates the other animals through fear, propaganda, and violence. Napoleon represents the corrupting influence of power and the betrayal of revolutionary ideals.

The Enduring Legacy of Napoleon

Although Napoleon is eventually overthrown by the other animals, his legacy lives on in the form of a new dictatorship. The farm returns to its original state of inequality and oppression, with the pigs becoming the ruling elite and exploiting the labor of the other animals. Napoleon represents the failure of revolution and the triumph of tyranny.

Table Comparison

Character Role Personality Legacy
Old Major Inspiration Wise, visionary Idealism, hope
Snowball Organizer Dynamic, enthusiastic Idealism, betrayal
Napoleon Dictator Cunning, ruthless Tyranny, failure


The question of who is the protagonist of Animal Farm is a complex one. Each of the major characters in the book contributes to the plot and has a distinct role and personality. Old Major represents the spirit of revolution and idealism, Snowball embodies the hope for a better world and the danger of betrayal, and Napoleon symbolizes the corruption of power and the triumph of tyranny. Ultimately, the true protagonist of Animal Farm may be the collective body of the animals themselves, who struggle to overcome their oppressors and achieve true freedom and equality.


In my opinion, the true protagonist of Animal Farm is the collective body of the animals. Each of the major characters represents a different aspect of the struggle for liberation, but it is the animals themselves who bear the brunt of the suffering and the hope of the future. By working together, learning from their mistakes, and refusing to give up on their ideals, the animals triumph over their oppressors and create a new society based on justice and equality. Animal Farm is a powerful allegory of the human quest for freedom and self-determination, and it continues to inspire readers and activists around the world today.

Thank you for taking the time to read our analysis on discovering the leading character in Animal Farm. Hopefully, the information we provided will help you form a better understanding of literature in general and provide insights on how to analyze a story to find its protagonist. The characters in Animal Farm give a good example of how the roles of characters in literature can be used to depict different themes, making a story more interesting and compelling.

We hope that you have enjoyed our discussion and are inspired to read more literary works. For more excellent pieces of writing analysis, stay tuned to our blog page. We offer regular educational content to benefit students, inspiring them to go deeper into the world of books and storytelling.

Finally, if you have any comments or questions about our article or anything else under the sun, don’t hesitate to reach out to us through our contact page. Feedback is always welcome, and it’s the cornerstone of our continuous growth!

Here are some of the most frequently asked questions about the protagonist of Animal Farm:

  1. Who is the main character in Animal Farm?
  2. The leading character in Animal Farm is a pig named Napoleon.

  3. What is the role of Napoleon in Animal Farm?
  4. Napoleon is one of the leaders of the animal revolution and becomes the ruler of Animal Farm. He is responsible for the corruption and oppression of the other animals on the farm.

  5. Why is Napoleon considered the protagonist of Animal Farm?
  6. Napoleon is considered the protagonist because he is the central character that drives the story forward. His actions and decisions shape the events of the novel.

  7. What are some of the traits of Napoleon’s character?
  8. Napoleon is intelligent, manipulative, and power-hungry. He is also ruthless and willing to use violence to maintain his control over the other animals.

  9. Is Napoleon a hero or a villain?
  10. This is a matter of interpretation. Some readers may see Napoleon as a hero who brought order to the chaos of Animal Farm, while others view him as a villain who betrayed the ideals of the animal revolution.

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